What is Zyban?
Zyban, whose generic name is bupropion, is a medication that is used to help smokers quit the habit by reducing withdrawal effects and cravings. This drug is used in combination with counseling and support group to help smokers give up smoking. When you quit smoking it reduces your risk of having lung and heart disease, including cancer. Note that Zyban is a drug that enhances your chances of quitting smoking but it does not make you give up the habit. You need to have the willpower and determination as well as get the necessary support which will enhance your chances of success. Bupropion is only suitable for smokers who are 18 years and over.
Zyban medicine contains an active ingredient called bupropion hydrochloride. This drug is used to help smokers addicted to nicotine give up the habit. It is not yet clear how Zyban helps smokers give up smoking. But research shows that it works by restoring the balance of dopamine and noradrenaline in the brain. The two neurotransmitters are believed to be involved in changing mood and behavior. As a result, it reduces your desire to give up smoking and increase your ability to withstand cravings.
Bupropion tablets should be swallowed whole without chewing or crushing. Although you can split bupropion tablets, you should not split the tablets unless they have a score line or your pharmacist or doctor advises you to do so. If you want to get the most benefit out of this medication you should use it regularly.
Dosage and direction
Your dosage relies on your response to therapy and medical condition. The initial dose should be 150 mg that should be taken by mouth once daily. However, your dose may be increased to 300 mg per day, given in two daily doses of 150 mg. Your dose should not exceed 150 mg in one dose and 300 mg in one day. Your healthcare provider may increase your dose slowly to reduce the risk of side effects.
You should not take Zyban in case you used MAO inhibitors like linezolid, phenelzine, and selegiline in the last 2 weeks. Do not take this medication if you are allergic to its active ingredient (bupropion), have a seizure disorder, or an eating disorder like bulimia or anorexia. Inform your healthcare provider if you have these conditions: diabetes, high blood pressure, liver or kidney disease, or narrow-angle glaucoma.
Possible side effects
Many smokers that use this drug do not experience serious side effects. But it is possible to experience serious side effects if you don’t use the medicine as prescribed by your doctor. Call your doctor if you experience serious side effects such as chest pain, fainting, irregular heartbeat, severe headaches, or muscle aches. Common side effects of using Zyban include the following: Dizziness, Nausea, Fatigue, Blurred vision, Stomach pain, Constipation, Drug interaction .
Drug interaction increases your risk of having serious side effects or may alter how your drug work. However, you should not change, stop, or start the dosage of any drugs without the approval of your doctor. Taking MAO inhibitors in combination with bupropion may lead to serious drug interaction.
Missed dose and overdose
In case you miss a dose, you should take it as soon as you remember. If it is time to take your next dose and you forgot the last one, skip the missed dose and wait for your scheduled dose. An overdose of Zyban can be fatal. If you notice overdose symptoms such as hallucinations, muscle stiffness, fainting or shallow breathing, you should visit an emergency room.